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Research Papers

A report by Both ENDS concludes that the Dutch Export credit agency Atradius DSB, which provides export insurances on behalf of the Dutch state, insured fossil fuel-related projects with a total value of € 7.3 billion in the period 2012-2015. This is two-thirds of its total insured value for that same period.

This paper from the Swedish Society for Nature Conservation and BIC Europe examines the approach put forward in the WBG’s Energy Directions Paper (ED Paper) to determine if more could be done by the WBG to improve progress towards the SEforAll goals.

This report by Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) indicates that countries are still financing more coal than renewables projects abroad. Some progress has been made in shifting flows away from dirty energy like coal and into clean energy projects like solar and wind, but more needs to be done.

This report by Oil Change International, Friends of the Earth U.S., and WWF’s European Policy Office reveals how export credit agencies around the world are funding climate disaster by financing over $32 billion dollars each year in coal, oil, and gas projects.

This report from Inclusive Development International, Bank Information Center Europe, and Center for Financial Accountability highlights the role of the World Bank and international investors in financing the Rampal Power Plant, and highlights the significant risks associated with this project.

This report from Inclusive Development International demonstrates how the IFC is funding coal through support for commercial banks and private equity funds. According to this research, IFC-supported financial institutions have funded at least 41 new coal projects – either the facilities directly or the companies that own them – since the World Bank announced its coal ban in 2013.